Topic

Topic: Study Habits Among Students and Their Effects to their Academic Performance
Thesis Statement: This research aims to discuss the effects of study habits among students to their academic performance.

INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Significance of the Study
Thesis Statement (What are the effects of study habits among students to their academic performance?)
BODY
Facts on study habits
Kinds of study habits
Good
Bad
Effects of study habits
CONCLUSION
Being studious is an instinct attitude of an individual. Students with strong determination in life possess good study habits. Good study habits may contribute high academic performance among students in which it can promote to an optimum level of learning.

“Study Habits among Students and their Effects to their Academic Performance”
INTRODUCTION
Study habits are the behaviors used when preparing for tests or learning academic material that formed during school years. These can either be buying out a dedicated scheduled and uninterrupted time to apply one’s self to the task of learning.

Study habits can make students be more determined and can help them get the grades they want to achieve and the diploma they are waiting to receive.

The key to becoming an effective student is learning how to study smarter, not harder. This becomes more and more true as you advance in your education. An hour or two of studying a day is usually sufficient to make it through high school with satisfactory grades, but when college arrives, there aren’t enough hours in the day to get all your studying in if you don’t know how to study smarter. While some students are able to breeze through school with minimal effort, this is the exception. The vast majority of successful students achieve their success by developing and applying effective study habits. The following are the top 10 study habits employed by highly successful students. So if you want to become a successful student, don’t get discouraged, don’t give up, just work to develop each of the study habits below and you’ll see your grades go up, your knowledge increase, and your ability to learn and assimilate information improve.
Every student involves a study habit which can be good ones or bad ones. Good study habit include being organized, keeping good notes, reading textbooks, listening in class and working the assignments every day, while bad study habits include skipping class, not doing one’s work, watching television or playing video games instead of studying and losing one’s work.

In the era of globalization and technological revolution, education is considered as the first step for every human activity. It plays as a vital role in the development of human capital and is linked with an individual well-being and opportunities for better living.

Success as the name implies is wished for by everybody but it is not easily come by on a mere platter of gold; one must work for it through hard work and diligence. Schools, colleges and universities have no worth without student. The desire of success is derived from individual’s concept of himself and in terms of the meaning of various encouragements as they spell success and failure in the eye of others.

Student’s performance play an important role in producing the best quality graduates who will become great leaders and man power for a country thus responsible for the country economic and social development,( Ali et al.,2009).
Student performance occupies a very important place in education as well as in the learning process. It has long been recognized that in the process of learning, study habits of the student plays an important part in their academic performance.

In every school setting, the success of academic performance is the ultimate goal. Academic performance can be expressed in the form of good scores and prizes as a result of hard work and exceptional performance in classroom tests, assignments and examination (Robinson, 2001).

Study habit is described as the adopted way and manner a student plans his private readings, after classroom learning, so as to attain mastery of the subject (Azikiwe, 1998). According to her, good study habits are good assets to learners because the habits assist students to attain mastery in areas of specialization and consequent excellent constraints to learning and achievement leading to failure”.

Due to the increasing nature of poor academic performance of all grade levels, many educations tend to shift the blame on the teaching methodology adopted by the teachers and lack of fund from the government to provide quality textbooks.

However, these might not be the main reasons why students perform poorly in examinations. It is clear from all indications that students have poor study habit which might lead to poor academic performance. As true as this might sound, it is yet to gather adequate research evidence to prove that it is a key factor on why students fail.

Education is an activity or process which modifies the behavior of a person from instinctive to human behavior (Taneja, 2003). This definition reveals the innate truth that education aims at discovering aptitudes as well as to progressively prepare man for social activity; because of this, education through which the basic needs, the food, shelter and the clothing, are provided is necessary for the survival of the society.

Simply put, performance is how well or badly something is done. Its relevance stand out because of the significance it holds to the society. In the educational parlance, performance manifests through academic achievement which is the manifestation of a student’s habit of the study and they in turn are formed and strengthened through education. The development of good study is equally relative and helpful not only in academic work but in career actualization.

Learning is reflected in the way a student respond to an environment, socially, emotionally and physically stimuli and understands new information. The key to better learning and better academic performance in schools are good teachers, good study environment, parent’s cooperation, high quality books and the most important of all is the study habit, because study habits are learning tendencies that enable students to work privately.

The habits of studying must be a sustainable one, for students must see the need to develop good study habits. It is yet important as study habits influence the academic performance of students, so parents and teachers must help in improving the study habits of the students.

This research aims to help students enhance their study habits as these will directly affect their academic performance. Consequently, this will benefit the parents and the school, as good academic performance is equated to development.
This study will be used to many people who may want to know the factors that could blemish student’s academic performance. It attempts to combine study skills with study habits and it effects to academic performance of students, provides valuable information about effects of poor study habit on the academic performance of students and students will get benefits from the findings of this study since the study provides basis for awareness and better understanding of how their current role habits affect their academic performance. Likewise gives them a more focused and clear perspective on how the specific behaviors related to their studies influenced study habits. Therefore, it is significant in this regard.

BODY
Summer is over and it’s time for our children to get back to the job of learning. Wanting the children to succeed, parents take great pains to provide a quiet, consistent corner for their little scholar to absorb all that information thrown at them by the book load. We help our children in whatever ways we can to succeed in school, but if parents don’t know what study habits and learning strategies work, how can they be expected to pass on useful information to their children?
For instance, the idea of having a single, isolated study location may be misguided. Studies have consistently shown that varying the location of studying actually improves retention of the information. It has been shown time and again that alternating study environments improves grades, and not the opposite.

Other surprising, or maybe not so surprising strategies students of all ages can use to improve learning, retention and grades are studying mixed content, spacing study sessions, and self-testing. Some excellent students have discovered some or all of these methods on their own to great success, while other, less successful students keep trying the same old methods that have been shown not to work; but with no idea what else to try, keep on studying with the old, failing ways.

During the past few years, students who maintain good study habits are becoming fewer and fewer. Social activities become more important than staying at home and study. Students these days consider studying as hassle even though they have been lectured how important studying is. There are two kinds of study habit that most students often use. The good study habit and the bad study habit.
When developing good study habits, you have to set time for everything and apply the things that can help you have proper study skills. An individual should also follow some other ways in having good study habit, such as:
Don’t attempt to cram all of your studying into one session.
It’s time for a change. Successful students typically space their work out over shorter periods of time and rarely try to cram all of their studying into just one or two sessions. If you want to become a successful student then you need to learn to be consistent in your studies and to have regular, yet shorter, study periods.

Plan when you’re going to study.

Successful students schedule specific times throughout the week when they are going to study — and then they stick with their schedule. Students who study sporadically and whimsically typically do not perform as well as students who have a set study schedule. Even if you’re all caught up with your studies, creating a weekly routine, where you set aside a period of time a few days a week, to review your courses will ensure you develop habits that will enable you to succeed in your education long term.

Study at the same time.

Not only is it important that you plan when you’re going to study, it’s also important to create a consistent, daily study routine. When studying at the same time each day and each week, your studying will become a regular part of your life. You’ll be mentally and emotionally more prepared for each study session and each study session will become more productive. If you have to change your schedule from time to time due to unexpected events, just get back on your routine as soon as the event has passed.

Each study time should have a specific goal.

Simply studying without direction is not effective. You need to know exactly what you need to accomplish during each study session. Before you start studying, set a study session goal that supports your overall academic goal.
Never procrastinate your planned study session.

It’s very easy, and common, to put off your study session because of lack of interest in the subject, because you have other things you need to get done, or just because the assignment is hard. Successful students DO NOT procrastinate studying. If you procrastinate your study session, your studying will become much less effective and you may not get everything accomplished that you need to. Procrastination also leads to rushing, and rushing is the number one cause of errors.

Start with the most difficult subject first.

As your most difficult assignment or subject will require the most effort and mental energy, you should start with it first. Once you’ve completed the most difficult work, it will be much easier to complete the rest of your work. Believe it or not, starting with the most difficult subject will greatly improve the effectiveness of your study sessions, and your academic performance.

Always review your notes before starting an assignment.

Obviously, before you can review your notes you must first have notes to review. Always make sure to take good notes in class. Before you start each study session, and before you start a particular assignment, review your notes thoroughly to make sure you know how to complete the assignment correctly. Reviewing your notes before each study session will help you remember important subject matter learned during the day, and make sure your studying is targeted and effective.

Make sure you’re not distracted while you’re studying.

Everyone gets distracted by something. Maybe it’s the TV, maybe it’s your family or maybe it’s just too quite. Some people actually study better with a little background noise. When you’re distracted while studying you (1) lose your train of thought and (2) are unable to focus — both of which will lead to very ineffective studying. Before you start studying find a place where you won’t be disturbed or distracted. For some people this is a quiet cubical in the recesses of the library. For others is in a common area where there is a little background noise.

Use study groups effectively.

Ever heard the phrase “two heads are better than one?” Well this can be especially true when it comes to studying. Working in groups enables you to (1) get help from others when you’re struggling to understand a concept, (2) complete assignments more quickly, and (3) teach others, whereby helping both the other students and yourself to internalize the subject matter. However, study groups can become very ineffective if they’re not structured and if groups members come unprepared. Effective students use study groups effectively.

Review your notes, schoolwork and other class materials over the weekend.

Successful students review what they’ve learned during the week over the weekend. This way they’re well prepared to continue learning new concepts that build upon previous coursework and knowledge acquired the previous week.

On the other hand, bad study habits according to (John, 2010) are negative or non-productive study habits which are undesirable and counter-productive to students’ academic performance. When developed and utilized by students at all levels, they tend to hamper academic progress and performance of the users.

However, bad study habits generally range from procrastination, truancy, not taking note, selective reading, studying while watching television or what is generally regarded as distractive study.

There are several factors that tend to affect students study habits. Anything can affect students’ study habits. Their ability to study and concentrate can be increased by finding a quiet place where they can concentrate. Distractions such as phones, chat rooms, TV, video games, music and computers can all decrease students’ ability to learn. Whatever is going on around and within a student’s own mind is going to affect his study habits.

Students in today’s generation also, are often provided with poor study skills which prevents them the chance of having satisfying grades. Studying is the major concept of education and having poor study skills continues, students can’t grab the opportunity they wished they could have. The opportunities which can lead them to a good life in the future even the opportunity to receive a high-paying job.

As years goes by, many lives have been changed because of the improper study habit. Students have been dropped out from schools for having bad study skills. As the lack or the misuse of studying continues, it consistently deprives one’s opportunity to gain the knowledge and the potential a student might obtain in the future.

Student’s population is not a threat to the poor use of studying. It is not a hindrance of the students improper study skills. However, the threat comes from when a student is lazy and not wanting to do the task on hand. The task of participating in class and as well as at home.

Since today’s society is surrounded by modern technologies, it is also one of the reasons why students have the attitude of having improper study skills. Students are fond of following what is new or the things which is trending where studying is being rejected in their minds. Addiction to video games, mobile phones or televisions allows them to not focus or concentrate in their study. It could also be, by the influence of other people or friends or even the problems they’re bringing from home or in their surroundings which leads them to a bad study habit.

A number of causes contribute to poor skills in studying because of the lack of time. Students in colleges or in high school are most often on a hectic schedule or plan for an entire week, so when a student gets behind on schedule, time can be scarce.
Time management is an important factor when it comes to studying. One must consider his/her studies to be important enough to create a time and place where they can accomplish and keep up with their classes. Students must consider their classes a top priority in which they must study on a daily basis to prevent cramming.
When the problem of having poor study habit continue in high school and college students, the chance of receiving the amount of knowledge and good grades are slim to none and their opportunities later in life won’t be the same as the people who worked hard and studied the correct way.
Study habits act as another variable connected with distance learners’ performances. Study habits reflect students’ usual act of studying and also call forth and serve to direct the learner’s cognitive processes during learning. Study habits includes a variety of activities: time management, setting appropriate goals, choosing an appropriate study environment, using appropriate note-taking strategies, choosing main ideas, and organization (Proctor et al.,).

Having a good study skill brings the students’ future successful. They can assure to receive enough knowledge and could be confident on the things they wanted to do. It will be easier for them in the future to apply for a job especially during interviews because they have the knowledge due to having proper study habit.
CONCLUSION
Being studious is an instinct attitude of an individual. Students with strong determination in life possess good study habits. Good study habits may contribute high academic performance among students in which it can promote to an optimum level of learning.
http://www.academia.edu/6252608/THE_IMPACT_OF_STUDY_HABITS_ON_THE_ACADEMIC_PERFORMANCE_OF_STUDENTS
https://studymoose.com/develop-good-study-habits-essayhttps://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1143649.pdfResearch Paper
Study Habits among Students and their Effects to their Academic Performance
Diane Calumpang
Colette Morito
Felix Adolf Recentes
English Elective 10
Ms. Fretzell A. Actub
February 28, 2018